State Occupational and Physical Therapy Telehealth Laws and Regulations: A 50-State Survey

  • Randal Trey Bierman Center for Connected Health Policy https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8660-4224
  • Mei Wa Kwong Center for Connected Health Policy
  • Christine Calouro Center for Connected Health Policy

Abstract

The Center for Connected Health Policy conducted a scan of current state policy affecting occupational therapy (OT) and physical therapy (PT) practice, supervision, and additional requirements for using telehealth. While most states have established telehealth policies for other health care professions, this 50-state scan shows that many states made some reference to telehealth practice for OT (37 states) and PT (40 states). The states that adopted these policies also tended to adopt them in either law or regulation, but not both, and showed no discernable patterns favoring either. Additionally, eight states included OT and PT within telehealth laws that concurrently apply to multiple health professions. More commonly, states enacted policy within laws or regulations specific to OT and PT. Most policies including limitations on telehealth practice for OT and PT did not appear to create requirements that are more restrictive than what is generally seen in telehealth across all states.

  

Author Biographies

Randal Trey Bierman, Center for Connected Health Policy
Randal Trey Bierman, MPH
Mei Wa Kwong, Center for Connected Health Policy

Executive Director of Center for Connected Health Policy

Mei Wa Kwong, JD

Christine Calouro, Center for Connected Health Policy
Christine Calouro, MA

References

ACA § 17-80-403. Retrieved from https://www.armedicalboard.org/Professionals/pdf/mpa.pdf

Center for Connected Health Policy (2018). State Telehealth Laws & Reimbursement Policies: Fall 2018. Retrieved from https://www.cchpca.org/sites/default/files/2018-10/CCHP_50_State_Report_Fall_2018.pdf

Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services (2018). CY 2019 PFS Final Rule. Retrieved from https://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Medicare-Fee-for-Service-Payment/PhysicianFeeSched/PFS-Federal-Regulation-Notices-Items/CMS-1693-F.html

Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy (2018). PT Compact Map. Retrieved from http://ptcompact.org/ptc-states

Health Resources and Services Administration (2018). Telehealth Programs. Retrieved from https://www.hrsa.gov/rural-health/telehealth/index.html

Idaho Code Ann. § 54-5705. Retrieved from https://legislature.idaho.gov/statutesrules/idstat/Title54/T54CH57/SECT54-5705/

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 629.515. Retrieved from https://www.leg.state.nv.us/NRS/NRS-629.html

N.J. Rev. Stat. § 45:1-62. Retrieved from https://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish:10.1048/Enu

State of Rhode Island Department of Health (2018). Telemedicine. Retrieved from http://www.health.ri.gov/healthcare/about/telemedicine/

VA Board of Physical Therapy (2018). Guidance on Telehealth. Retrieved from https://www.dhp.virginia.gov/PhysicalTherapy/physther_guidelines.htm

Published
2018-12-11
How to Cite
Bierman, R. T., Kwong, M. W., & Calouro, C. (2018). State Occupational and Physical Therapy Telehealth Laws and Regulations: A 50-State Survey. International Journal of Telerehabilitation, 10(2), 3–54. https://doi.org/10.5195/ijt.2018.6269
Section
Policy