Development and Validation of the Protocol for Administering Telehealth Home (PATH) Assessments
Keywords:Aging in place, Home safety assessment, Occupational therapy, PATH protocol, Remote assessment, Synchronous home assessment, Telehealth
Home safety assessments and subsequent modifications can prevent hospitalization, institutionalization, and death among older adults. Telehealth has been shown to be an effective means to administer home safety assessments. However, a structured approach to synchronous telehealth home assessments has not been examined. This study involved development and validation of a structured telehealth home assessment protocol. The Protocol for Administering Telehealth Home (PATH) assessment was developed based on literature review, clinical experience with in-person and telehealth home assessments, and interviews with content experts. Six older adults participated in the validation phase of the protocol using a quasi-experimental, mixed-methods, one-group research design. The validation process resulted in modifications to the protocol to enhance its utility in practice. The PATH protocol provides a valid, structured approach to conducting synchronous telehealth home assessments and can be used by occupational therapists to administer home assessments for older adults desiring to age in place.
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