A Commentary on Telerehabilitation Services in Pakistan: Current Trends and Future Possibilities

Zeshan Zahid, Suleman Atique, Muhammad Hammad Saghir, Iftikhar Ali, Amna Shahid, Rehan Ali Malik

Abstract


A 2014 World Health Organization (WHO) study reported that almost 27 million people with disability live in Pakistan with fewer than one allied rehabilitation professional per 10,000 people. The current study sought to determine the attitudes toward telerehabilitation via a survey administered to 329 Pakistani rehabilitation professionals. Study results indicate that rehabilitation professionals in Pakistan are knowledgeable about telerehabilitation and Information and Communication Technology (ICT), and are receptive to employing telerehabilitation programs and applications. Therefore, we can infer that the future of telerehabilitation can be bright in Pakistan but requires the attention of policy makers and non-government organizations to launch an appropriate program nationwide. The authors suggest that a range of telerehabilitation services (e.g., consultation, assessment, and therapy) could alleviate the shortage of rehabilitation personnel in Pakistan.


References


Cherry, C. O. B., Chumbler, N. R., Richards, K., Huff, A., Wu, D., Tilghman, L. M., & Butler, A. (2017). Expanding stroke telerehabilitation services to rural veterans: A qualitative study on patient experiences using the robotic stroke therapy delivery and monitoring system program. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 12(1), 21-27. doi: 10.3109/17483107.2015.1061613

Corp, I. (2007).

dos Santos, M. T., Moura, S. C., Gomes, L. M., Lima, A. H., Moreira, R. S., Silva, C. D., & Guimaraes, E. M. (2014). Telehealth application on the rehabilitation of children and adolescents. Revista Paulista de Pediatria, 32(1), 136-143.

Eron, L. (2010). Telemedicine: the future of outpatient therapy? Clinical Infectious Diseases, 51(Supplement 2), S224-S230.

Gregory, P., Alexander, J., & Satinsky, J. (2011). Clinical telerehabilitation: Applications for physiatrists. Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 3, 647-656.

Gupta, N., Castillo-Laborde, C., & Landry, M. D. (2011). Health-related rehabilitation services: Assessing the global supply of and need for human resources. BMC Health Services Research, 11(1), 276. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-11-276

Hussain, T. (2007). Tele-health: A successful experience in northern areas of Pakistan. Better Healthcare Through Tele-health, 85.

IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows (Version 16.0). Armonk, NY: IBM Corporation.

Kairy, D., Lehoux, P., Vincent, C., & Visintin, M. (2009). A systematic review of clinical outcomes, clinical process, healthcare utilization and costs associated with telerehabilitation. Disability & Rehabilitation, 31, 427-447.

Khan, F., Amatya, B., Sayed, T.M., Butt, A.W., Jamil, K., Iqbal, W., Elmalik, A., Rathore, F.A,,& Abbott, G.(2017). World Health Organisation Disability Action Plan 2014–2021: Challenges and perspectives for physical medicine and perspectives for physical medicine and rehabilitation in Pakistan. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 49, 10-21.

Marzano, G., & Lubkina, V. (2017). Usability in social telerehabilitation systems for elderly users. Public Health, 144, 1-3.

Mishra, S. (2013). Telemedicine Scenario in India with Special Reference to Legal, Ethical and Socio-Economic Issues. 生体医工学, 51(Supplement), M-110-M-110.

Movahedazarhouligh, S., Vameghi, R., Hatamizadeh, N., Bakhshi, E., & Mousavi Khatat, S. M. (2015). The level of awareness of rehabilitation professionals employed in rehabilitation academic centers regarding tele-rehabilitation technology. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal, 13(2), 57-61.

Otsen, B. & Agyei-Baffour, P. (2017). Cost-effectiveness analysis of Telemedicine for primary healthcare in Amansie-West District, Ghana. African Journal of Health Economics, AJHE-2016-0002 [Electronic publication ahead of print]

Rathore, F. A., New, P. W., & Iftikhar, A. (2011). A report on disability and rehabilitation medicine in Pakistan: Past, present, and future directions. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 92, 161-166.

Reinkensmeyer, D. J., Pang, C. T., Nessler, J. A., & Painter, C. C. (2002). Web-based telerehabilitation for the upper extremity after stroke. IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, 10, 102-108.

Schutte, J. L., Gales, S., Filippone, A. B., Saptono, A., Parmanto, B., & McCue, M. (2012). Evaluation of a telerehabilitation system for community-based rehabilitation. International Journal of Telerehabilitation, 4(1), 25-32. doi: https://doi.org/10.5195/ijt.2012.6092

Shukla, H., Nair, S., & Thakker, D. (2016). Role of telerehabilitation in patients following total knee arthroplasty: Evidence from a systematic literature review and meta-analysis. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare, 1357633X16628996.

Tyagi, N., Aikat, R., & Singh, J. P. (2016). Tele-rehabilitation as an adjunct service for geri care: Reaching the unreached. International Journal of Scientific Research, 4(7), 19-21.

Uddin, M., Khan, J., & Mahmud, H. (2012). Designing and implementing telerehabilitation on hand skill development for the disabled people in Bangladesh. International Journal of Software Engineering, 5(2), 37-49.

Watzlaf, V. J., Moeini, S., & Firouzan, P. (2010). VoIP for telerehabilitation: A risk analysis for privacy, security, and HIPAA compliance. International Journal of Telerehabilitation, 2(2), 3-14.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/ijt.2017.6224

  

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.