Quality of Life in Patients With Heart Failure Assisted By Telerehabilitation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Keywords:Congestive heart failure, Quality of Life, Telehealth, Telerehabilitation, Virtual rehabilitation
Introduction: Heart failure (HF) is a syndrome that implies several physical and emotional changes that compromise quality of life. Telerehabilitation is a strategy developed with the aim of involving and motivating cardiac patients to participate in cardiac rehabilitation in their daily routine at home. Objective: To review the impact of telerehabilitation on the quality of life of patients with HF. Methods: This is a systematic review using the PICO strategy, with a search conducted in the electronic data sources PubMed, LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences) and SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online), with the following descriptors: heart failure, congestive heart failure, chronic heart failure, distance rehabilitation, virtual rehabilitation, telerehabilitation, telemedicine, quality of life and HRQoL, combined by the Boolean operators “AND” and “OR”, including articles between 2011 and 2021. Results: Nine articles were found after reading the abstract and titles; five of these met the inclusion criteria. They showed that telerehabilitation contributes to a better quality of life due to the daily increase in mental, social, and sexual activities, exercise tolerance, improvement of symptoms such as edema, fatigue, and dyspnea and reduction of mortality and readmission rates. Telerehabilitation was effective in improving quality of life in patients with HF (mean difference (MD) = -0,22; CI 95% -0.40 to 0.04. Conclusion: Telerehabilitation was at least as effective as usual care and conventional cardiac rehabilitation in improving the quality of life in patients with HF.
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