Promising Practices in E-Supervision: Exploring Graduate Speech-Language Pathology Interns’ Perceptions
E-supervision has a potential role in addressing speech-language personnel shortages in rural and difficult to staff school districts. The purposes of this article are twofold: to determine how e-supervision might support graduate speech-language pathologist (SLP) interns placed in rural, remote, and difficult to staff public school districts; and, to investigate interns’ perceptions of in-person supervision compared to e-supervision. The study used a mixed methodology approach and collected data from surveys, supervision documents and records, and interviews. The results showed the use of e-supervision allowed graduate SLP interns to be adequately supervised across a variety of clients and professional activities in a manner that was similar to in-person supervision. Further, e-supervision was perceived as a more convenient and less stressful supervision format when compared to in-person supervision. Other findings are discussed and implications and limitations provided.
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (1985). Clinical supervision in speech-language pathology and audiology. Rockville, MD: Author.
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2005). The standards for the certificate of clinical competence in speech-language pathology. Rockville, MD: Author.
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (February, 2007). The subject is change: Creating a vision for the future education of speech-language pathologists. Presentation made at the 2007 Speech-Language Pathology Education Summit, New Orleans, Louisiana.
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2008). Clinical supervision in speech-language pathology [Technical Report]. Rockville, MD: Author.
Anderson, J. L. (1988). The supervisory process in speech language pathology and audiology. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.
Boswell, S. (2007, March 6). Ohio grant addresses personnel shortage: Innovative strategies meet short- and long-term goals. The ASHA Leader, 12(3), 14-15.
Dudding, C. C. (2004) Perceptions of the use of videoconferencing for supervision: Differences among graduate clinicians. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Virginia, Charlottesville.
Dudding, C. C. (2009). Digital videoconferencing applications across disciplines. Communication Disorders Quarterly, 30(3), 178-182.
Dudding, C. C. & Justice, L. M. (2004). An e-supervision model: Videoconferencing as a clinical training tool. Communication Disorders Quarterly, 25(3), 145-151.
Hallett, T. L. (2002). The impact of technology on teaching, clinical practice, and research. ASHA Leader, 7(11), 4.
Johnson, R. B., Onwuegbuzie, A. J., & Turner, L. A. (2007). Toward a definition of mixed methods research. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 1, 112-133.
Kapadia, K., Coca, C., & Easton, J. Q. (2007). Keeping new teachers: A first look at the influences of induction in the Chicago Public Schools. Chicago, IL: Consortium on Chicago School Research. Retrieved from http://ccsr.uchicago.edu/publications/keeping-new-teachers-first-look-influences-induction-chicago-public-schools
McCrea, E. S., & Brasseur, J. A. (2003). The supervisory process in speech-language pathology and audiology. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Nelson, J. A., Nichter, M., & Henriksen, R. (2010). On-line supervision and face-to-face supervision in the counseling internship: An exploratory study of similarities and differences. Retrieved from http://www.counselingoutfitters.com/vistas/vistas10/Article_46.pdf
Olson, M. M., Russell, C. S., & White, M. B. (2001). Technological implications for clinical supervision and practice, The Clinical Supervisor, 20(2), 201-215.
Richardson, J. W., McLeod, S., & Garrett Dikkers, A. (2011). How do school districts treat K-12 principals and principal candidates with online credentials? International Journal of Leadership in Education, 14(3), 351-368.
Robinson, T., Creaghead, C., Hooper, C., Watson, J., & McNeilly, L. (2007). Speech-language pathology Education Summit proceedings. Rockville, MD: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.
Sax, L., J., Gilmartin, S. K., & Bryant, A. N. (2003). Assessing response rate and nonresponsive bias in web and paper surveys, Research in Higher Education, 44, 409-432.
Wood, J. A., Miller, T. W., & Hargrove, D. S. (2005). Clinical supervision in rural settings: A telehealth model. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 36(2), 173-179.
Copyright (c) 2012 Charles H. Carlin, Jennifer L. Milam, Emily L. Carlin, Ashley Owen
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- The Author retains copyright in the Work, where the term “Work” shall include all digital objects that may result in subsequent electronic publication or distribution.
- Upon acceptance of the Work, the author shall grant to the Publisher the right of first publication of the Work.
- The Author shall grant to the Publisher and its agents the nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:
- Attribution—other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the author as indicated on the journal Web site;
- The Author is able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), as long as there is provided in the document an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post online a prepublication manuscript (but not the Publisher’s final formatted PDF version of the Work) in institutional repositories or on their Websites prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. Any such posting made before acceptance and publication of the Work shall be updated upon publication to include a reference to the Publisher-assigned DOI (Digital Object Identifier) and a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal.
- Upon Publisher’s request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Publisher, at the Author’s own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by Publisher to be covered by the principles of Fair Use.
- The Author represents and warrants that:
- the Work is the Author’s original work;
- the Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;
- the Work is not pending review or under consideration by another publisher;
- the Work has not previously been published;
- the Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and
- the Work contains no libel, invasion of privacy, or other unlawful matter.
- The Author agrees to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless from Author’s breach of the representations and warranties contained in Paragraph 6 above, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to Publisher’s use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content.
Revised 7/16/2018. Revision Description: Removed outdated link.